Welcome to all my friends sharing the same passion for flowers!
For those who live nearby I could offer some cuttings. Just choose from my list of roses and leave a message. I'll be more than happy to see the population of roses growing. Anything, for a flowery world!
Those who grow roses in their garden grow also roses in their heart. And this world will be better.

Monday, February 20, 2012

Rosa Gallica





Synonyms: Red Rose, French Rose, Rosier de France, Rose de France, Rosa Rubra, Rose of Miletus (Pliny).
Unknown origin (before 1554).
Deep pink, strong fragrance.
5 to 15 petals. Large, single, cluster-flowered, cupped bloom form. Once-blooming spring or summer.
Climbing, suckers on its own roots.
Height of 100-120cm, width of 80-100 cm.
Zone 4. Remove old canes or diseased wood. Prune after flowering is finished.
Tetraploid.
Same characteristics as Rosa Gallica Officinalis:

Rosa gallica (Gallic Rose, French Rose, or Rose of Provins) is a species of rose native to southern and central Europe eastwards to Turkey and the Caucasus. The cultivar Rosa gallica officinalis is also called Apothecary's Rose.
It is a deciduous shrub forming large patches of shrubbery, the stems with prickles and glandular bristles. The leaves are pinnate, with three to seven bluish-green leaflets.
The flowers are clustered one to four together, single with five petals, fragrant, deep pink. The hips are globose to ovoid, 10–13 mm diameter, orange to brownish.
The species is easily cultivated on well drained soil in full sun to semishade; it can survive temperatures down to −25 °C. It is one of the earliest cultivated species of roses, being cultivated by the Greek and Romans and it was commonly used in Mediaeval gardens
. It has been used for medicinal purposes ever since its birth and it is also part of the story of the War of the Roses.
It serves well as erosion control on steep sites.
... And it has an intense fragrance
...

In the 19th century it was the most important species of rose to be cultivated, and most modern European rose cultivars have at least a small contribution from R. gallica in their ancestry.
Cultivars of the species R. gallica and hybrids close in appearance are best referred to a Cultivar Group as the Gallica Group roses. The ancestry is usually unknown and the influence of other species can not be ruled out.
The Gallica Group roses share the vegetative characters of the species, forming low suckering shrubs. The flowers can be single, but most commonly double or semidouble. The colours range from white (rare) to pink and deep purple.
All Gallica Group roses are once flowering. They are easily cultivated.

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